English Civil War History

Historical Events

  • 1642-08-22 English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament
  • 1643-01-23 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War
  • 1643-05-13 Battle of Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
  • 1643-06-18 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies
  • 1643-06-30 Battle of Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1643-07-13 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1643-07-27 Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists at Battle of Gainsborough

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1643-09-20 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1643-12-13 English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • 1644-01-24 Parliamentary army wins battle of Nantwich, Cheshire, English Civil War
  • 1644-05-28 Bolton Massacre by Royalist troops under the command of the Earl of Derby (English Civil War)
  • 1644-07-02 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert
  • 1644-09-02 Robert Devereux's Parliamentarian infantry surrenders to Royalist forces in Battle of Lostwithiel, Cornwall, during English Civil War
  • 1644-10-27 Second Battle of Newbury: King Charles I beats parliamentary armies
  • 1645-06-14 Battle of Naseby, Leicestershire: "New Model Army" under Oliver Cromwell & Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of English King Charles I
  • 1645-07-10 Battle at Langport, Somerset: Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army beats Royalists
  • 1646-02-16 Battle of Great Torrington, Devon - the last major battle of the first English Civil War
  • 1647-06-04 English Parliamentary army under Cornet George Joyce takes King Charles I as a prisoner during Second Civil War
  • 1648-11-30 English Parliamentary army captures King Charles I
  • 1649-09-11 Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland - Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists
  • 1651-09-03 Battle of Worcester: Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists

Famous Birthdays

  • 1591-01-11 Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (d. 1646)
  • 1592-12-06 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English aristocrat and Royalist general in the English Civil War, born in Handsworth, England (d. 1676)
  • 1619-12-17 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, German soldier, Commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, born in Prague (d. 1682)

Famous Deaths

  • 1675-11-28 Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier (c. 1608)
  • 1676-12-25 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English aristocrat and Royalist general in the English Civil War, dies at 83
  • 1682-11-29 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, German soldier, Commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, dies at 62