Spanish Civil War in History

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-07-17 Spanish generals Francisco Franco and Emilio Mola lead a right-wing uprising, starting the Spanish Civil War

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1936-07-18 Spanish Civil War: General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leads an uprising in the Spanish army stationed in Morocco
  • 1936-07-26 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937-01-15 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw
  • 1937-02-21 The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937-07-26 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937-08-24 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • 1937-09-05 Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls
  • 1937-09-06 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco
  • 1937-09-22 Spanish Civil War: Peña Blanca is taken; the end of the Battle of El Mazuco.

PlaneItalian Air Force Bombs Barcelona

1938-03-17 The Italian Air Force, in support of Francisco Franco, bombs Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
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The Italian Air Force conducts a bombing campaign in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
The Italian Air Force conducts a bombing campaign in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War
  • 1938-05-25 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • 1939-03-28 Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco
  • 1939-04-01 US recognizes Francisco Franco's government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain
  • 2006-05-27 "Pan's Labyrinth" fantasy film on the Spanish Civil War written and directed by Guillermo del Toro debuts at Cannes

Famous Birthdays

  • 1890-03-03 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), born in Gravenhurst, Ontario (d. 1939)
  • 1910-08-01 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist who covered the Spanish Civil War, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1937)

Famous Deaths

  • 1937-07-26 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • 1939-11-12 Norman Bethune, Canadian doctor, communist and humanitarian (Spanish Civil War, Second Sino-Japanese War), dies of blood poisoning from a cut on his finger from operating on a wounded soldier at 49