On This Day

Terrorism in History

Historical Events

French Revolution

1794-07-28 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris

  • 1868-10-26 White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
  • 1875-07-04 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
  • 1876-07-07 Hamburg massacre: white farmers attack a black militia in Hamburg, South Carolina with 7 killed
  • 1902-04-02 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg
  • 1902-04-15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries

Assassination Attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge

1912-12-23 Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing homemade bomb into Viceroys's Howdah (elephant carriage) during ceremonial procession in Delhi. Although wounded, the Viceroy survives. Investigations lead to the Delhi conspiracy trial.

  • 1913-06-11 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI
  • 1946-06-29 Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist
  • 1953-01-12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow

United Nations Speech

1964-12-11 Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. An unknown terrorist fires a mortar shell at the building during the speech.

  • 1968-12-26 Arab terrorists in Athens fire on El Al plane, kills 1
  • 1969-02-25 West Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet
  • 1970-03-05 SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC
  • 1970-05-22 Arab terrorists kill 9 children & 3 adults on a school bus
  • 1970-09-12 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
  • 1971-08-09 Operation Demetrius (or Internment) is introduced in Northern Ireland allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial; the security forces arrested 342 people suspected of supporting paramilitaries
  • 1971-08-16 Over 8,000 workers go on strike in Derry, Northern Ireland, in protest at the introduction of Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)
  • 1971-08-22 Approximately 130 non-Unionist councillors announce their withdrawal from participation on district councils across Northern Ireland in protest against Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)
  • 1972-05-30 3 Japanese PFL terrorists kills 24, wound 72 at Tel Aviv's Lod Intl airport
  • 1972-09-06 Summer Olympics resume in Munich, Germany after massacre of 11 Israeli athletes by Black September Palestinian terrorist organization
  • 1973-03-02 "Black September" terrorists occupy Saudi Embassy in Khartoum
  • 1973-04-04 World Trade Center, then the world's tallest building, opens in New York (110 stories). Later destroyed in 9/11 terrorist attacks.
  • 1973-04-08 Thirty-two terrorist bombings in Cyprus
  • 1973-04-17 German counter-terrorist unit GSG 9 founded
  • 1973-08-05 Arab terrorists open fire at Athens airport, kill 3 injure 55
  • 1973-09-28 Palestinian Terrorists hijack Austrian train
  • 1973-12-17 Arabs terrorists shoot passengers on Boeing 737 to Kuwait
  • 1974-05-15 Ma'alot massacre: Palestinian terrorist take school hostage, 25 mostly children killed and 68 injured
  • 1975-12-14 6 So Moluccan terrorists surrender, holding 23 hostages for 12 days
  • 1975-12-29 11 killed, 75 hurt by terrorist bomb at LaGuardia Airport in NYC
  • 1976-09-10 5 Croatian terrorists capture TWA-plane at La Guardia Airport, NY
  • 1976-10-06 Cubana Flight 455 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean after two bombs, placed by terrorists with connections to the CIA, explode onboard shortly after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados, killing all 73 people on board

Historic Event

1977-04-28 Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany

  • 1977-09-22 West German Red Army Faction terrorist kills policeman in Utrecht
  • 1977-11-10 Amsterdam: Red Army Faction terrorists Gert Schneider and Christof Wackernagel arrested
  • 1977-12-20 RAF -terrorist Knut Folkerts sentenced to 20 years
  • 1978-03-11 Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed
  • 1979-06-25 Failed attack on NATO commander Alexander Haig Jr. in Obourg, Belgium by German terrorist Rolf Klemens Wagner, a former member of the Red Army Faction
  • 1980-02-27 Terrorists occupies Dominican embassy in Bogota
  • 1980-04-30 Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
  • 1981-03-02 Aircraft hijacked by 3 Pakistani terrorists
  • 1981-06-22 2 Habash terrorists attack a travel agency in Greece killing 2
  • 1981-07-22 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in Rome, Italy
  • 1982-03-10 The United States places an embargo on Libyan petroleum imports because of their support of terrorist groups.
  • 1982-08-21 Palestinian terrorists are dispersed from Beirut
  • 1983-07-13 The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges, South Africa
  • 1983-10-23 Suicide terrorist truck bomb kills 243 US personnel in Beirut
  • 1984-02-01 Indian diplomat Ravindra Mhatre kidnapped and murdered by Kashmiri terrorists in Birmingham, England
  • 1985-09-25 Palestinian terrorists kill 3 Israeli sailors at Lanaca Cyprus
  • 1985-10-07 PLO terrorists seize Italian cruise liner Achille Lauro
  • 1985-10-11 US intercepts Egyptian Boeing with Achille Lauro terrorists

Historic Event

1985-12-27 Terrorists kill 20 and wound 110 attacking El Al at Rome and Vienna airports. President Reagan blames Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.

  • 1986-01-16 Police arrested 3 IRA-terrorists in Amsterdam
  • 1986-04-14 US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya
  • 1988-02-17 US Lt Col William Higgins kidnapped in south Lebanon by Lebanese terrorists & later killed
  • 1988-07-18 Abu Nidal terrorists kill 9 on cruise ship City of Poros
  • 1988-12-20 Animal rights terrorists fire-bomb Harrod's department store, London
  • 1988-12-21 Lockerbie disaster: A terrorist bomb destroys Pan Am Flight 103 mid-air, over Scotland; kills all 259 passengers and crew on board, and 11 people on the ground [1]
  • 1989-11-30 Deutsche Bank board member Alfred Herrhausen is killed by a Red Army Faction terrorist bomb
  • 1993-02-26 "World Trade Center bombing of 1993": truck bomb explodes in parking garage of NYC World Trade Center at 12:18pm, killing 6 and injuring over 1,000 in what was the deadliest act of terrorism perpetrated on US soil at the time
  • 1993-06-24 Arab terrorist group planning bombing of Holland and Lincoln Tunnels caught
  • 1993-07-25 Israeli offensive against terrorist bases in South Lebanon
  • 1994-03-04 4 Arab terrorist founded guilty of bombing the World Trade Center
  • 1994-08-14 Terrorist "Carlos" arrested in Khartoum, Sudan
  • 1994-08-15 Terrorist Carlos the Jackal, captured in Khartoum Sudan
  • 1995-01-06 A chemical fire in an apartment complex in Manila, Philippines, leads to the discovery of plans for Project Bojinka, a mass-terrorist attack.
  • 1997-07-30 Terrorist double suicide bombing in Jerusalem, kills 14
  • 1998-04-20 German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years.
  • 1998-05-27 Oklahoma City bombing: Michael Fortier is sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $200,000 for failing to warn authorities about the terrorist plot.

Historic Event

1998-11-20 Court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania

  • 1999-02-15 Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party, widely recognized as terrorist organization), was arrested in Kenya.
  • 2000-07-20 Terrorist Carlos the Jackal sues France in the European Court of Human Rights for allegedly torturing him

9/11 Attack on New York's World Trade Towers

2001-09-11 Two passenger planes hijacked by Al Qaeda terrorists crash into New York's World Trade Towers causing the collapse of both and deaths of 2,606 people

  • 2001-09-11 Terrorists hijack a passenger plane and crash it into the Pentagon causing the deaths of 125 people

Historic Event

2001-09-11 Attempt by passengers and crew of United Airlines Flight 93 to retake control of their hijacked plane from terrorists causes plane to crash in Pennsylvania field killing all 64 people on board

Sports History

2001-09-17 Despite suffering from lung cancer and Parkinson's disease, Jack Buck stirs emotions by reading a patriotic-themed poem during the pregame ceremonies on baseball's first night back after the September 11th terrorist attacks

  • 2001-10-16 The US Coast Guard lifts a ban on liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers entering Boston Harbor to make deliveries to Distrigas' Everett LNG terminal that had been imposed on September 26 in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11

Historic Event

2001-11-13 War on Terrorism: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States.

  • 2001-12-13 Indian Parliament Sansad attacked by terrorists. 15 people killed, including all terrorists
  • 2002-07-15 Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl
  • 2002-10-12 Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali's nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists
  • 2003-05-16 In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in terrorist attacks
  • 2003-08-29 Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
  • 2003-11-09 A suicide-terrorist attack in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, kills 17 people.
  • 2004-02-27 A bombing of a Superferry by Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines worst terrorist attack kills 116
  • 2004-03-11 Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid's rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190
  • 2004-04-02 Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
  • 2004-04-03 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves
  • 2004-09-01 Beslan school hostage crisis begins as armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia
  • 2004-10-29 Arabic news network, Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election
  • 2005-07-07 Coordinated terrorist bomb blasts strike London's public transport system during the morning rush hour killing 52 and injuring 700
  • 2005-07-21 Four terrorist bombers target London's public transportation system, exactly two weeks after the July 7 bombings. All four bombs fail to detonate leading to the capture of all the bombers.
  • 2006-01-19 Terrorist blows himself up in Tel Aviv, killing only himself but injuring 20 people, one of them seriously
  • 2006-03-30 UK Terrorism Act 2006 becomes law.
  • 2006-08-10 Scotland Yard disrupts major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the United Kingdom to the United States. All toiletries are banned from commercial aircraft.
  • 2006-10-24 Justice Rutherford of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice struck down the "motive clause", an important part of the Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act
  • 2007-06-30 A car crashes into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland, believed to be a terrorist attack
  • 2007-09-05 Three terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Qaeda are arrested in Germany after allegedly planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US military installations.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1940-08-15 Gudrun Ensslin, German terrorist (Founder of Red Army Faction), born in Bartholomä, Germany (d. 1977)

Ted Kaczynski

1942-05-22 Ted Kaczynski, American serial killer and terrorist known as the "Unabomber", born in Evergreen Park, Illinois

  • 1943-09-11 Raymond Villeneuve, Canadian terrorist (founding member of the Front de libération du Québec)
  • 1949-10-12 Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan international terrorist, born in Michelena, Venezuela
  • 1951-06-19 Ayman al-Zawahiri, Egyptian leader of al-Qaeda, born in Maadi, Cairo
  • 1955-04-02 Michael Stone, British terrorist (Ulster Defence Association), born in Harborne, Birmingham
  • 1957-05-13 Andrea Klump, German terrorist (attempt to murder Jewish emigrants in Hungary)
  • 1960-08-31 Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Lebanese terrorist group Hizbollah, born in Bourj Hammoud, Lebanon
  • 1961-11-17 Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight 847 (d. 1985)
  • 1963-06-29 Khalid El-Masri, German-Lebanese suspected terrorist mistakenly abducted by the Macedonian police in 2003, and handed over to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), born in Kuwait
  • 1966-09-19 Eric Robert Rudolph, American criminal (domestic terrorist convicted with series of bombings), born in Merritt Island, Florida
  • 1967-05-20 Ramzi Yousef, Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist

Timothy McVeigh

1968-04-23 Timothy McVeigh, American Oklahoma City bomber and terrorist, born in Lockport, New York (d. 2001)

  • 1968-09-01 Mohammed Atta, Egyptian terrorist (d. 2001)
  • 1970-10-18 José Padilla, American former gang member and alleged supporter of terrorism
  • 1973-08-12 Richard Reid, British terrorist, referred to as the "shoe bomber" - attempted to detonate explosives hidden in his shoe while flying from Paris to Miami in 2001
  • 1979-02-13 Anders Behring Breivik, Norwegian terrorist, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1990-03-31 Lyra McKee, Northern Irish journalist, killed by the New IRA in a terrorist attack, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2019)

Famous Deaths

  • 1864-06-01 Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of African Americans, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in SC
  • 1905-02-17 Serge Alexandrovich, Governor-General of Moscow, assassinated by a terrorist bomb; his carriage driver also died, the assailant survived, was tried and hanged
  • 1925-05-13 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer and revolutionary, dies in prison under mysterious circumstances at 46
  • 1934-10-09 King Alexander I, of Yugoslavia (1921-34), assassinated by a Bulgarian revolutionary at 45
  • 1977-10-18 Gudrun Ensslin, German terrorist and founder of the Red Army Faction, commits suicide along with other RAF leaders at 37
  • 1977-11-13 Ingrid Schubert, German terrorist (b. 1944)

AssassinationAldo Moro

1978-05-09 Aldo Moro, Five times Prime Minister of Italy, assassinated by the Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization Red Brigades at 61

  • 1979-03-30 Airey Neave, British MP (Conservative), killed in a car bomb by the Irish National Liberation Army at 63
  • 1981-05-05 Bobby Sands, Irish IRA activist dies in the 66th day of his hunger strike at 26
  • 1984-02-03 Ravindra Mhatre, Indian diplomat, murdered at 48 by Kashmiri terrorists in Birmingham, England
  • 1985-06-15 Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight 847 (b. 1961)
  • 1986-04-29 Seamus McElwaine, Irish IRA-terrorist, killed at 25
  • 1992-07-24 Khaled Mahmoud Saeed, asst to Palestine terrorist Abu Nidal, murdered
  • 1993-06-27 Wolfgang Grams, German RAF-terrorist, shot to death at 40

ExecutionTimothy McVeigh

2001-06-11 Timothy McVeigh, American Oklahoma City bomber and terrorist, executed for bombing Oklahoma City at 33

  • 2001-09-11 Marwan Al-Shehhi, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1978)
  • 2001-09-11 Mohamed Atta, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1968)

Todd Beamer

2001-09-11 Todd Beamer, American passenger and hero on United Airlines Flight 93, dies at 32 in a plane crash trying to stop the 9/11 terrorists

  • 2001-09-11 Hani Hanjour, Ssaudi Arabian 9/11 terrorist, dies in Pentagon plane attack at 29
  • 2001-09-11 Ziad Jarrah, 9/11 terrorist (b. 1975)
  • 2001-09-11 John P. O'Neill, American anti-terrorism FBI agent (b. 1952)
  • 2009-09-17 Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian Islamist terrorist (b. 1968)
  • 2011-09-30 Anwar al-Awlaki, American-born terrorist and Islamist militant (b. 1971)
  • 2013-05-22 Fusilier Lee Rigby, British Army soldier, murdered near the Royal Artillery Barracks in London by two Islamic terrorists, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale

Stéphane Charbonnier

2015-01-07 Stéphane Charbonnier [Charb], French cartoonist and editor of the satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, dies in a terrorist attack at 47

  • 2015-01-07 Jean Cabut [Cabu], French caricaturist (Charlie Hebdo), killed in terrorist attack on Charlie Hebdo's office in Paris at 76
  • 2019-04-18 Lyra McKee, Northern Irish journalist, shot by the New IRA in a terrorist attack at 29