On This Day

The Wars of the Roses

Historical Events

  • 1455-05-22 Opening battle in England's 30-year Wars of the Roses. Richard of York takes St Albans, capturing King Henry VI
  • 1459-09-23 Battle of Blore Heath in Staffordshire, 1st major battle of the English Wars of the Roses
  • 1460-12-30 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield (Northern England), Duke of York killed and his forces soundly defeated by forces for King Henry VI
  • 1461-02-17 Wars of the Roses: Second Battle of St Albans - Lancastrian army defeats Yorkists and recaptures King Henry VI

Victory in Battle

1461-03-29 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Duke Edward of York defeats the Lancastrian army, deposes King Henry VI and Queen Margaret of Anjou and proclaims himself as King Edward IV

Battle of Interest

1469-07-26 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Edgecote Moor - Pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of King Edward IV

  • 1470-10-30 Wars of the Roses: Henry VI of England returns to the English throne after Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle
  • 1471-04-11 Wars of the Roses: King Edward IV of England seizes London from Henry VI
  • 1471-04-14 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Barnet - Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians and kill the Earl of Warwick

Battle of Tewkesbury

1471-05-04 Battle of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, final battle between the Houses of Lancaster and York: Prince of Wales, Edward of Westminster killed and King Edward IV restored to his throne. Re-restores political stability to England until his death in 1483.

Victory in Battle

1485-08-22 Battle of Bosworth Field: Henry Tudor's forces defeat English King Richard III during last battle in the Wars of the Roses. Richard is killed, the last English monarch to die in battle.