Artillery in History

Historical Events

  • 1537-08-25 The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed.
  • 1775-12-05 At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1776-01-24 Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts, with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga
  • 1793-01-09 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery
  • 1916-07-11 Battle of Verdun: Germany launches an offensive on Fort Souville in France but are defeated by artillery and machine gunners
  • 1916-12-15 Battle of Verdun: French launch major offensive against German lines after a six-day artillery bombardment
  • 1918-03-23 CrĂ©py-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • 1921-05-24 Bulhoek Massacre: police commissioner Colonel Theodore Truter leads 6 squadrons and artillery detachment against Israelite religious sect collected at annual gathering on land of leader Enoch Mgijima at Ntabalanga; 190 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937-08-06 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1942-12-25 Soviet artillery and tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • 1945-03-31 US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
  • 1945-04-20 Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
  • 1968-07-08 Israeli-Egyptian artillery duel along Suez Canal
  • 2010-11-23 The Bombardment of Yeonpyeong occurs on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea. The North Korean artillery attack kills 2 civilians and 2 South Korean marines.
  • 2012-02-25 Syrian Army kills 100 civilians in artillery shelling of Homs and Hama

Famous Birthdays

  • 1754-03-23 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • 1838-09-14 John Pelham, U.S. Confederate artillery major, born in Alexandria, Alabama (d. 1863)
  • 1859-10-09 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1935)
  • 1870-10-01 Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer and inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • 1882-02-26 Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
  • 1882-11-10 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), born in Maribor, Slovenia (d. 1971)
  • 1884-10-05 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1928-03-09 Gerald Bull, Canadian long range artillery designer and engineer, born in North Bay, Ontario (d. 1990)

Famous Deaths

  • 1863-03-17 John Pelham, U.S. Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • 1925-04-14 Pieter D van Essen, Dutch artillery officer, dies at 54
  • 1935-07-12 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), dies at 75
  • 1966-02-16 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), dies at 81
  • 1971-12-13 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), dies at 88
  • 1990-03-22 Gerald Bull, Canadian long range artillery designer and engineer, dies at 62
  • 2013-05-22 Fusilier Lee Rigby, British Army soldier, murdered near the Royal Artillery Barracks in London by two Islamic terrorists, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale