World War One

World War One: Battle on the Somme

Historical Events


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1813-10-16 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1911-07-13 Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; the reason Japan joins WWI on the Allies side
  • 1912-11-25 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • 1913-06-11 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI

MurderAssassination

1914-06-28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
Assassin Gavrilo Princip
Assassin
Gavrilo Princip
  • 1914-07-28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI

BattleDeclaration of War

1914-08-01 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in WWI

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar
Nicholas II
  • 1914-08-01 France and Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI
  • 1914-08-01 Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI
  • 1914-08-03 Germany invades Belgium and declares war on France, beginning World War I
  • 1914-08-04 WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice
  • 1914-08-04 WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • 1914-08-04 WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war

BattleDeclaration of War

1914-08-04 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1914-08-04 US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI

BattleBattle of Interest

1914-08-05 Battle of Liège: first battle of WWI, massive German assault on forts around Belgium city of Liège led by Erich Ludendorff

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff

  • 1914-08-05 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed
  • 1914-08-06 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany
  • 1914-08-06 Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I
  • 1914-08-10 WWI: French fall back at Alsace
  • 1914-08-16 World War I: Battle of Cer begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914-08-22 WW1: Von Ludendorff and Paul von Hindenburg move into East Prussia enroute to Russia

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1914-08-23 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
  • 1914-08-26 Battle of Tannenberg begins (WWI): 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army
  • 1914-08-27 Second day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Germans bombard Usdau
  • 1914-08-28 Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles
  • 1914-08-29 4th day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Russian Narev-army panics, General Martos caught
  • 1914-08-30 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army, ca. 170,000 killed or injured, German victory on Eastern Front

Battle of InterestFirst Battle of the Marne

1914-09-06 World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)
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French forces at the First Battle of the Marne
French forces at the First Battle of the Marne
  • 1914-09-08 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • 1914-09-09 First fully mechanized unit in the British Army created - the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade (WWI)
  • 1914-09-28 German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WWI)
  • 1914-10-05 World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill

  • 1914-10-09 German troops take Antwerp in World War I
  • 1914-10-10 German forces rout Belgians in Antwerp, Belgium (WWI)
  • 1914-10-30 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers' during WWI begins
  • 1914-11-28 World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
  • 1914-12-16 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • 1914-12-23 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1914-12-25 Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI between British and German troops. Instead of fighting, soldiers exchange gifts and play football
  • 1915-01-07 World War I: Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm approves strategic bombing of Britain, but forbids bombing London, fearing his relatives in the royal family might be killed

UKFirst Air Raid on Britain

1915-01-19 World War I: 4 people in Norfolk are killed in the 1st German Zeppelin air raid attack on the United Kingdom
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British wartime recruitment poster from 1915 referencing the air raids that started that year
British wartime recruitment poster from 1915 referencing the air raids that started that year

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915-02-12 Adolf Hitler receives the relatively common Iron Cross second class for bravery in World War I

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1915-02-12 World War I: Kaiser Wilhelm approves the strategic bombing of London's docks
  • 1915-02-28 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • 1915-03-05 World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.
  • 1915-03-19 VI Summer (Modern) Olympic Games: IOC President Pierre de Coubertin writes to Associated Press indicating 1916 Berlin Games won't take place because of WWI
  • 1915-04-18 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • 1915-04-25 First landings at Gaba Tepe and Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula by ANZAC forces during WWI
  • 1915-08-06 The British land more troops at Suvla Bay on the northern shore of Gallipoli in an effort to break the stalemate on the peninsula during WWI
  • 1915-08-07 WWI: Assault against Russell's Top at Gallipolis, Turkey - 232 Australians are killed
  • 1915-08-09 British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipoli during WWI
  • 1915-08-19 World War I: the Battle of Van begins
  • 1915-08-21 Italy declares war on Turkey in World War One
  • 1915-10-05 Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
  • 1915-10-08 Battle of Loos on WWI Western Front ends, German forces contain British attack (85,000 casualties)
  • 1916-01-08 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • 1916-02-16 Russian troops conquer the Ottoman Empire city of Erzurum during WWI
  • 1916-02-21 World War I: Battle of Verdun begins with a German offensive, leads to an estimated 1 million casualties and becomes the longest battle of the entire war (9 months)
  • 1916-02-25 Battle of Verdun: German troops conquer Fort Douaumont without firing a shot, the largest and highest fort defending the city of Verdun during World War I

Battle of InterestBattle of Jutland

1916-05-31 Battle of Jutland: Largest naval battle of World War I between the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet which killed 8,645 in an inconclusive battle but strategic British victory. German fleet never puts to sea again in WWI.
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HMS Invincible on fire after being struck by shells from SMS Lützow and SMS Derfflinger
HMS Invincible on fire after being struck by shells from SMS Lützow and SMS Derfflinger
  • 1916-06-04 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million CasualtiesFive Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

1916-07-01 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)
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Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
  • 1916-08-02 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • 1916-08-04 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916-09-17 WWI flying ace The Red Baron of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1916-11-07 Amidst the Mexican Revolution and World War I, Woodrow Wilson is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Charles E. Hughes

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Battle of InterestBattle of the Somme

1916-11-18 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded
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A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
A large mine placed by a British tunneling unit explodes under German positions on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. At the time it was one of the largest explosions ever and one of the loudest man-made noises.
  • 1916-12-06 World War I: The Central Powers under General Mackensen capture Bucharest
  • 1916-12-18 Battle of Verdun, longest of World War I, officially ends in German defeat after nine months of fighting and almost 1 million total casualties
  • 1916-12-23 World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • 1917-01-09 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1917-01-16 "Zimmermann Telegram" is sent from Germany to Mexico, stating in the event of the US entering World War I on the allied side, Mexico would be given Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Intercepted by British intelligence and partially deciphered by the next day. It's release in March shifts US public opinion in favor of war against Germany.
  • 1917-04-04 US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WWI
  • 1917-04-06 US declares war on Germany, enters World War I
  • 1917-05-18 US Congress passes Selective Service Act, authorizing the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through compulsory enlistment
  • 1917-06-01 Boston Braves first baseman Hank Gowdy is first active MLB player to enlist for service in World War I; only player to fight in both World War I & II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917-06-04 Most Excellent Order of British Empire inaugurated by King George V to recognise the efforts of his people in WWI

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1917-06-13 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children with 432 injuries
  • 1917-06-26 1st US troops arrive in France during World War I
  • 1917-06-27 Venizelos takes over as Prime Minister of Greece and severs relations with Central Powers, bringing Greece onside with the Allies in WWI
  • 1917-07-27 World War I: Allied troops reach the Yser Canal in the prelude to the Battle of Passchendaele
  • 1917-07-31 World War I: Battle of Passchendaele (Third Battle of Ypres) begins, goes on to cause approximately 500,000 casualties
  • 1917-08-06 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins

BattleExecution

1917-10-15 Dutch exotic dancer Mata Hari is executed by firing squad for spying for Germany during WWI at Vincennes near Paris

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • 1917-10-21 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WWI: US troops enter front lines at Sommervillier under French command
  • 1917-10-26 World War I: Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
  • 1917-10-31 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine - "last successful cavalry charge in history" performed by the 4th Australian Light Horse
  • 1917-11-02 In WWI the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat: James Gresham, Thomas Enright and Merle Hay
  • 1917-11-20 1st successful tank use in battle, at the Battle of Cambrai in World War I as Britain uses the new technology to break through German lines
  • 1917-12-07 US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I
  • 1917-12-15 World War I: An armistice is reached between the new Russian Bolshevik government and the Central Powers.
  • 1918-03-07 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany
  • 1918-03-23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • 1918-04-21 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill
  • 1918-05-27 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • 1918-07-15 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

1847-10-02 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), born in Posen, Duchy of Posen, Prussia (d. 1934)

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1848-05-23 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German general/chief of staff (WWI)
  • 1849-03-19 Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)

Person of interestHoratio Kitchener

1850-06-24 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), born in Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland (d. 1916)

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1854-05-24 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, admiral (WWI), born in Graz, Austrian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1855-02-17 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI)
  • 1856-05-25 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general during WWI, born in Mostaganem, French Algeria (d. 1942)
  • 1857-01-18 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI)

Person of interestJohn Jellicoe

1859-12-05 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Southampton, England (d. 1935)

British Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Jellicoe

Person of interestJohn J. Pershing

1860-09-13 John J. Pershing [Blackjack], American general and WWI commander, born in Laclede, Missouri (d. 1948)

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing

Person of interestDouglas Haig

1861-06-19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

WWI General Douglas Haig
WWI General
Douglas Haig
  • 1862-07-18 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)

Person of interestReinhard Scheer

1863-09-30 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Obernkirchen, Electorate of Hesse (d. 1928)

Person of interestFranz Ferdinand

1863-12-18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1864-04-30 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), born in Allatzkiwwi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1913)

Person of interestErich Ludendorff

1865-04-09 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia (d. 1937)

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff

Person of interestEdith Cavell

1865-12-04 Edith Cavell, British nurse (WWI), born in Swardeston, Norfolk, England (d. 1915)

  • 1869-01-13 Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WWI)/fascist
  • 1869-10-03 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), born in Port Deposit, Maryland (d. 1936)

Person of interestDavid Beatty

1871-01-17 David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet during World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Nantwich, England (d. 1936)

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1872-09-28 Lena Ashwell, British actress and theatrical manager who was the 1st to organize large-scale entertainment for WWI troops at the front, born on the ship Wellesley (d. 1957)
  • 1875-12-05 Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (fought in WWI), born in Napperton, Ontario (d. 1933)

Person of interestMata Hari

1876-08-07 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch exotic dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1917)

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • 1878-06-17 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), born in Champigny-sur-Marne (d. 1932)
  • 1879-04-20 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, born in Paris (d. 1944)
  • 1879-05-30 Colin Blythe, English cricketer (outstanding slow lefty pre-WWI), born in Deptford (d. 1917)
  • 1880-01-28 Herbert Strudwick, cricketer (England wicket-keeper before & after WWI)
  • 1880-04-04 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WWI submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, born in Zara, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1882-08-05 Joe English, Irish/Flemish signaler (WWI)
  • 1885-03-14 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, born in Chamalières, France (d. 1918)
  • 1886-12-10 William Booth, England Test cricket batsman (WWI 2 Tests), born in Pudsey, England (d. 1916)
  • 1887-03-09 Phil Mead, English cricketer (strong batsman for England pre- & post-WWI), born in Battersea, Surrey (d. 1958)
  • 1887-05-24 Edward "Mick" Mannock, British WWI flying ace (Victoria Cross), born in British Isles (d. 1918)
  • 1887-10-07 A C "Jack" Russell, cricketer (prolific England batsman post-WWI)
  • 1887-12-13 Alvin York, American World War I soldier who led a famed attack on a German machine gun nest (Medal of Honor), born in Pall Mall, Tennessee (d. 1964)

Person of interestT. E. Lawrence

1888-08-16 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1935)

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1889-05-05 Herbie Taylor, South African cricketer (prolific South African pre- & post-WWI), born in Durban, Colony of Natal (d. 1973)
  • 1890-10-08 Eddie Rickenbacker, American aviator "Ace of Aces" (WWI), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1973)
  • 1891-05-19 Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)

Person of interestThe Red Baron

1892-05-02 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1892-07-15 Henry Johnson, American soldier of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), 1st US WWI soldier to receive the Croix de guerre after fighting a German raid in hand-to-hand combat to rescue a fellow soldier (posthumous Medal of Honour, 2015), born in Tallahassee, Florida, (d. 1929)
  • 1892-12-27 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (d. 1917)
  • 1893-01-10 Albert Jacka, Australian soldier, first Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)

Person of interestHermann Goering

1893-01-12 Hermann Goering, Nazi Party leader, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (1941-45) and World War I fighter pilot ace, born in Rosenheim, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

Person of interestBilly Bishop

1894-02-08 Billy Bishop, Canadian First World War flying ace, born in Owen Sound, Ontario (d. 1956)

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1894-07-27 Gerald F. Bogan, U.S. Navy aviator and vice admiral who served in World War I & II, born in Mackinac Island, Michigan (d. 1973)
  • 1895-05-24 Hunter "Stork" Hendry, Australian cricketer (Australian all-rounder post-WWI), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1988)
  • 1895-08-14 Jack Gregory, Australian cricketer (Australian all-rounder of post-WWI years), born in North Sydney, New South Wales (d. 1973)
  • 1895-10-09 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1961)
  • 1896-04-20 Wop May, Canadian aviator, flying ace in the WWI, born in Carberry, Manitoba (d. 1952)
  • 1896-04-26 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, born in Frankfurt am Main, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1896-05-03 Karl Allmenröder, German World War I flying Ace, born in Wald, Rhine Province, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1896-06-06 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran, born in Clapton, London (d. 2009)
  • 1896-06-07 Douglas Campbell, American aviator and World War I flying ace, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1990)
  • 1897-02-18 Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d.2005)
  • 1897-04-07 Erich Loewenhardt, German flying ace of World War I, born in Province of Silesia, Poland (d. 1918)
  • 1897-04-13 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1897-05-19 Frank Luke, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • 1898-05-13 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (d. 2007)
  • 1899-03-10 Robert Meier, German WW1 veteran, formerly Germany's oldest man. (d. 2007)
  • 1900-09-23 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • 1903-12-13 John Piper, British writer (US Churches in WWI) and official war painter, born in Epsom, Surrey, England (d. 1992)
  • 1949-03-14 Michael Stedman, British World War I Historian and Author

Famous Deaths


MurderFranz Ferdinand

1914-06-28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, led to declarations of war in WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • 1914-08-22 Raffenel, French general (3rd Colonial Div, WWI), dies in battle
  • 1914-08-22 Rondoney, French general (3rd Colonial Div, WWI), dies in battle
  • 1914-10-30 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), dies fighting in WWI at 31
  • 1915-05-07 Alfred G. Vanderbilt Sr., American businessman and sportsman (New York Central Railway), dies aboard the RMS Lusitania during World War I at 37
  • 1915-05-19 John Simpson Kirkpatrick stretcher bearer with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli during World War I (b. 1892)
  • 1915-09-02 August Stramm, German poet and playwright dies in battle during WWI at 41
  • 1915-09-29 Rudi Stephan, German composer (Die ersten Menschen), dies fighting in World War I at 28
  • 1915-10-12 Edith Louisa Cavell, British nurse, executed by Germans in Belgium during World War I at 49
  • 1916-03-09 Kenneth Hutchings, English cricketer (exciting England batsman, WWI), dies fighting at the Battle of the Somme at 33

Person of interestHoratio Kitchener

1916-06-05 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), drowns at 65 after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1916-06-18 Max Immelmann, German pilot (1st flying ace of WWI), shot down over Northern France at 25
  • 1916-06-23 Victor Chapman, French-American pilot renowned during WW1 (1st American pilot to die in WW1), succumbs to wounds at age 26
  • 1916-07-01 William Booth, English Test cricket batsman (WWI 2 Tests), dies at the Somme at 39
  • 1916-07-16 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, dies while serving in Iraq in WWI at 59
  • 1917-02-20 Leone Sextus Tollemache, British Army captain who was incorrectly alleged to have the longest English surname on record (Leone Sextus Denys Oswolf Fraudatifilius Tollemache-Tollemache de Orellana Plantagenet Tollemache-Tollemache), dies in active service in WWI at 32
  • 1917-06-27 Karl Allmenröder, German World War I flying Ace, dies at 21
  • 1917-07-14 Octave Lapize, French cyclist (Tour de France 1910), dies when shot down as WWI fighter pilot at 29
  • 1917-09-12 Eric Lundie, cricketer (WWI Test South Africa v England 1914), dies
  • 1917-09-23 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, dies at 20

BattleMata Hari

1917-10-15 Mata Hari [Margaretha Geertruida Zelle], Dutch dancer, courtesan and convicted German WWI spy, executed by firing squad at 41

Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy Mata Hari
Exotic Dancer, Courtesan and German Spy
Mata Hari
  • 1917-12-28 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (b. 1892)

Person of interestThe Red Baron

1918-04-21 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, dies at 25 after his plane is shot down

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1918-05-02 Ernie Parker, Australian tennis player (Australasian C'ship 1913), dies in action WWI at 34
  • 1918-05-19 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, dies at 33
  • 1918-08-10 Erich Lowenhardt, Germany flying ace of World War I (b. 1897)
  • 1918-08-31 Joe English, Irish/Flemish signaler (WWI), dies at 36
  • 1918-10-06 Arthur O'Hara Wood, Australian tennis player (Australasian C'ship 1914), dies in action WWI at 28
  • 1918-10-09 Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff, murdered at 60
  • 1918-10-19 Joseph Lesage, French painter/etcher (WWI), dies at 34
  • 1921-09-13 Ludwig-Alexander von Battenberg [Mountbatten], admiral (WWI), dies at 67
  • 1926-03-16 Sergeant Stubby, decorated World War I dog

Person of interestDouglas Haig

1928-01-29 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI) nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, dies from a heart attack at 66

WWI General Douglas Haig
WWI General
Douglas Haig

Person of interestReinhard Scheer

1928-11-26 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), dies at 65

  • 1929-07-01 Henry Johnson, American soldier of 369th regiment (aka Harlem Hell Fighters), 1st US WWI soldier to receive the Croix de guerre after fighting a German raid in hand-to-hand combat to rescue a fellow soldier (posthumous Medal of Honour, 2015), dies of myocarditis at 36
  • 1929-08-01 Syd Gregory, Australian cricketer (Australian captain pre-WWI), dies at 59
  • 1929-08-22 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI), dies at 74
  • 1932-05-07 Albert Thomas, French socialist politician (Minister of Armament WW1), dies at 53
  • 1933-10-05 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, dies at 71
  • 1933-11-30 Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (fought in WWI), dies at 57

Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

1934-08-02 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), dies of lung cancer at 86

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg

Person of interestT. E. Lawrence

1935-05-19 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, dies at 46, in a motorcycle accident in Dorset, England

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence

Person of interestJohn Jellicoe

1935-11-20 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), dies of pneumonia at 75

British Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Jellicoe

Person of interestDavid Beatty

1936-03-12 David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet during World War I (Battle of Jutland), dies of heart failure at 65

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • 1936-05-14 Edmund Allenby, Viscount Allenby, English Fieldmarshal, General in Egypt during WWI, dies at 74
  • 1936-06-03 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), dies from a heart attack at 66

Person of interestErich Ludendorff

1937-12-20 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, dies of liver cancer at 72

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • 1941-11-17 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, commits suicide at 45
  • 1942-07-03 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general during WWI, dies at 86
  • 1944-03-15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • 1944-04-30 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, dies at 65
  • 1947-05-30 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WWI submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, dies at 67

Person of interestJohn J. Pershing

1948-07-15 John J. Pershing [Blackjack], American general and WWI commander, dies of coronary artery disease at 87

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • 1952-06-21 Wop May, Canadian aviator, flying ace in the WWI, dies at 56
  • 1955-10-21 Roy Minnett, Australian cricketer (all-rounder prior to WWI), dies

Person of interestBilly Bishop

1956-09-11 Billy Bishop, Canadian First World War flying ace, dies at 62

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1957-03-13 Lena Ashwell, British actress and theatrical manager who was the 1st to organize large-scale entertainment for WWI troops at the front, dies at 84
  • 1958-03-26 Phil Mead, English cricketer (strong batsman for England pre- & post-WWI), dies at 71
  • 1961-10-12 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, dies of stomach cancer at 66
  • 1961-10-26 Edgar Mayne, Australian cricketer (4 Tests for Australia around WWI), dies at 79
  • 1964-09-02 Alvin York, American World War I soldier who led a famed attack on a German machine gun nest (Medal of Honor), dies at 76
  • 1973-06-08 Gerald F. Bogan, U.S. Navy aviator and vice admiral who served in World War I & II, dies at 78
  • 1973-07-23 Eddie Rickenbacker, American aviator "Ace of Aces" (WWI), dies at 82
  • 1990-12-16 Douglas Campbell, American aviator and World War I flying ace, dies at 94
  • 1992-06-28 John Piper, British writer (US Churches in WWI) and official war painter, dies at 88
  • 2005-01-22 Carlo Orelli, Italian veteran of World War I (b. 1894)
  • 2005-11-21 Alfred Anderson, last Scottish World War I (and Christmas Truce) veteran (b. 1896)
  • 2007-02-22 Howard Verne Ramsey, oldest U.S. veteran of WWI (b. 1898)
  • 2007-05-09 Dwight Wilson, second-to-last Canadian WWI veteran, dies at 106
  • 2007-10-05 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (b. 1898)
  • 2008-03-12 Lazare Ponticelli, the last "poilu", French foot soldier of World War One, dies at 110 (b. 1897)
  • 2008-05-27 Franz Künstler, Last remaining Austro-Hungarian Empire World War I veteran (b. 1900)
  • 2008-08-22 Gladys Powers, Canadian World War I veteran (b. 1899)
  • 2009-01-10 William Frederick "Bill" Stone, British World War I veteran (b. 1900)
  • 2009-07-18 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran, dies at 113
  • 2009-07-25 Harry Patch, the last surviving soldier to have served in the trenches in World War I, dies at 111 (b. 1898)
  • 2010-02-18 John Babcock, Last known Canadian veteran of World War I (b. 1900)
  • 2011-02-27 Frank Buckles, last surviving American World War I veteran (b. 1901)
  • 2011-05-05 Claude Choules, last surviving World War I veteran (b. 1901)
  • 2012-02-04 Florence Green, last surviving veteran of World War One, dies at 110