Battle on the Somme in History

Historical Events

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

1916-07-01 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)

1st Use of Tanks in War

1916-09-15 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme

Battle of Interest

1916-10-05 Adolf Hitler is wounded in the left thigh by an exploding shell during the Battle of the Somme

Battle of Interest

1916-11-18 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded

  • 1918-03-21 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • 1918-03-23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)

Battle of Interest

1918-04-21 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill


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Famous Birthdays

Douglas Haig

1861-06-19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

  • 1875-08-26 John Buchan, Scottish politician, Governor-General of Canada (1935-40), writer (The Thirty-Nine Steps) and historian, born in Perth, Scotland (d. 1940)

Famous Deaths

  • 1916-03-09 Kenneth Hutchings, English cricketer (exciting England batsman, WWI), dies fighting at the Battle of the Somme at 33
  • 1916-07-01 William Booth, English Test cricket batsman (WWI 2 Tests), dies at the Somme at 39

Douglas Haig

1928-01-29 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI) nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, dies from a heart attack at 66


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