On This Day

World War One (Part 2)

World War One: Battle on the Somme

Historical Events

  • 1918-03-07 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany
  • 1918-03-23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)

Battle of Interest

1918-04-21 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill

  • 1918-05-27 Third Battle of Aisne: German offensive overcomes British forces (WWI)
  • 1918-07-15 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins
  • 1918-07-18 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • 1918-07-19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • 1918-08-02 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I

Historic Event

1918-08-05 World War I: the last German air raid on England occurs, with four Zeppelin airships dropping bombs in the Midlands and North East England

  • 1918-08-06 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • 1918-08-06 World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • 1918-08-08 World War I: The Allies launch the Hundred Days Offensive, beginning with the Battle of Amiens where 500 tanks and 10 Allied divisions attacked German lines
  • 1918-08-12 WWI: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • 1918-08-20 WWI: Britain opens offensive on Western front
  • 1918-09-05 Due to WWI, 15th Baseball World Series begins a month early; Boston Red Sox defeat Chicago Cubs, 1-0 at Comiskey Park
  • 1918-09-12 WWI: US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
  • 1918-09-14 WWI: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer
  • 1918-09-26 Beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, more than 1 million American soldiers in the largest and most costly offensive of WWI
  • 1918-09-29 WWI: Allied forces score a decisive breakthrough of Hindenburg Line

Victory in Battle

1918-10-01 World War I: Combined Arab and British force under the Lawrence of Arabia, T. E. Lawrence captures Damascus from the Turks

  • 1918-10-30 WWI: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • 1918-11-06 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan
  • 1918-11-07 United Press erroneously reports WWI armistice had been signed

Historic Event

1918-11-09 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in World War I

  • 1918-11-09 Following the collapse of Germany in World War I, the Weimar Republic of Germany is proclaimed

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

1918-11-11 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

  • 1919-01-18 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)
  • 1919-04-05 Antwerp is officially declared the host city for the Games of the 7th Olympiad to be conducted in 1920; first post WWI Olympics
  • 1919-05-08 Edward George Honey first proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I, leads to the creation of Remembrance Day

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

1919-06-28 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France

  • 1919-07-19 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.

Historic Event

1919-09-10 NYC welcomes home General John J. Pershing and 25,000 WWI soldiers

  • 1922-03-15 France, which up until now has insisted on currency for all WWI reparation payments from Germany, now accepts raw materials as payment
  • 1922-10-06 The great powers of the first world war withdraw from Istanbul
  • 1924-08-29 Germany's Reichstag approves the Dawes Plan, which sought to solve the WWI reparations problem

Historic Event

1929-06-27 President Paul von Hindenburg refuses to pay German debt of WWI

  • 1929-08-06 Young Plan, which sought to settle German reparations debts after World War I, is agreed

Historic Event

1929-08-31 Committee chaired by Owen D. Young finalizes the "Young Plan" to reduce German reparations from World War I to 112 billion Gold Marks ($US8 billion) paid over 59 years

  • 1932-05-29 The Bonus Army of World War I veterans begins to assemble in Washington, D.C. to request cash bonuses promised to them to be paid in 1945
  • 1932-06-17 Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the US Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits
  • 1932-07-20 In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House

Historic Event

1932-07-28 US President Herbert Hoover uses federal troops to evict the Bonus Army (WWI veterans and their families) from their encampment, 4 die

  • 1932-07-29 Great Depression: in Washington, D.C., U.S. troops disperse the last of the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans

Historic Event

1933-01-30 After Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany, his former WWI colleague General Erich Ludendorff sends a letter to him stating "this accursed man will cast our Reich into the abyss and bring our nation to inconceivable misery"

  • 1939-09-25 Andorra and Germany sign a treaty ending World War I, as Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra

Historic Event

1940-07-11 Marshall Philippe Pétain, French hero of World War I, becomes head of the Vichy collaborationist government of France

  • 2015-04-25 100 year anniversary of the Gallipoli Peninsula landings in Turkey by ANZAC forces during WWI
  • 2017-07-30 1st centenary of WWI Battle of Passchendaele marked at ceremony at Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium
  • 2018-11-11 On centenary of WWI Armistice Day French President Macron urges world to reject Nationalism in speech to under Arc de Triomphe in Paris

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