World War Two History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 314

  • 1945-03-30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans
  • 1945-04-01 World War II: Canadian troops free the Dutch cities of Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo and Eibergen
  • 1945-04-01 World War II: The Ruhr Pocket of German forces are encircled by the US Ninth Army and US First Army, eventually leading to the capture of 317,000 German troops

Battle of InterestBattle of Okinawa

1945-04-01 Battle of Okinawa: US ground forces invade Okinawa during World War II in the largest amphibious assault of the Pacific theatre
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British navy vessel HMS Formidable on fire during the Battle of Okinawa after being struck by a kamikaze
British navy vessel HMS Formidable on fire during the Battle of Okinawa after being struck by a kamikaze
  • 1945-04-03 World War II: Dutch city of Hengelo freed from Nazi control by the Canadian Army
  • 1945-04-04 World War II: Soviet forces liberate Hungary from German occupation, establishing their own communist satellite state. This was celebrated as Liberation Day until 1989.
  • 1945-04-04 World War II: US Army occupies Bielefeld in north-eastern Germany
  • 1945-04-05 World War II: Dutch city of Almelo is freed by the Second Canadian Corps
  • 1945-04-06 World War II: Dutch city of Coevorden freed from German occupation by Canadian forces
  • 1945-04-07 Sonderkommando Elbe, special Luftwaffe units designed to destroy Allied planes by ramming them mid-air, are sent on their first and only mission of World War II
  • 1945-04-09 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1945-04-14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945-04-16 World War II: Dutch town of Arnhem, site of failed Operation Market Garden, is freed by British and Canadian forces
  • 1945-04-16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany

Victory in BattleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945-04-22 Battle of Berlin: Upon being informed that a planned counter-attack never happened, Adolf Hitler flies into a rage, denounces the German Army and concedes World War II is lost
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Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
  • 1945-04-25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-04-26 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II, arrested for treason

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • 1945-04-26 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • 1945-04-27 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
  • 1945-05-01 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
  • 1945-05-02 World War II: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders
  • 1945-05-03 World War II: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life

BattleBattle of Interest

1945-05-05 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1945-05-06 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • 1945-05-07 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-07 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

Nazi Leader Alfred Jodl
Nazi Leader
Alfred Jodl

Victory in BattleNazi Germany Surrenders

1945-05-08 V-E Day: World War II ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
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German commander Wilhelm Keitel signs the final unconditional surrender of Germany in the ruins of Berlin
German commander Wilhelm Keitel signs the final unconditional surrender of Germany in the ruins of Berlin
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-09 World War II: Hermann Goering is captured by the United States Army

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British
  • 1945-05-15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia
  • 1945-06-21 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1945-07-01 First MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg homers in his 1st game (Detroit beats Philadelphia A's 9-5)

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • 1945-07-05 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared

Conference of InterestPotsdam Conference

1945-07-17 Potsdam Conference: Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill hold 1st post-World War II meeting
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Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference
Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman and Josef Stalin in the garden of Cecilienhof Palace before meeting for the Potsdam Conference

  • 1945-07-26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the unconditional surrender of Japan during WWII
  • 1945-08-08 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II

Victory in BattleVictory over Japan

1945-08-14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)
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Kissing the War Goodbye on VJ Day
Kissing the War Goodbye on VJ Day
  • 1945-08-15 A riot ensues in San Francisco while the city is celebrating the end of WW II
  • 1945-08-15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.
  • 1945-08-15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • 1945-08-26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII

Victory in BattleSurrender of Japan

1945-09-01 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (US date, 2nd September in Japan)
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Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender to formally end World War II
Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender to formally end World War II
  • 1945-09-02 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)
  • 1945-09-03 World War II: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-09-11 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1945-11-10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • 1946-02-11 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • 1946-03-31 First election is held in Greece after World War II
  • 1946-04-05 100th Grand National: Capt. Robert Petre wins aboard 25/1 shot Lovely Cottage; first true GN since 1940 due to World War II; last on a Friday

Sport awardUS Masters Golf

1946-04-07 10th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: American Herman Keiser wins his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of tour money-leader Ben Hogan; first Masters in 4 years because of World War II

Golfer Ben Hogan
Golfer
Ben Hogan
  • 1946-05-30 Indianapolis 500: Resumes after WWII; George Robson wins by 44 seconds ahead of rookie Jimmy Jackson

Sport awardUS Golf Open

1946-06-16 US Open Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: World War II veteran Lloyd Mangrum defeats Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi in 36 playoff holes to win his only major title

Golfer Byron Nelson
Golfer
Byron Nelson

Sport awardBritish Golf Open

1946-07-05 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: In first post-WWII Championship, Sam Snead wins his only Open title, 4 strokes clear of runners-up Johnny Bulla & Bobby Locke

Golfer Sam Snead
Golfer
Sam Snead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-12-31 US President Harry Truman officially proclaims end of WW II

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1947-02-10 WW II peace treaties signed
  • 1947-04-25 Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins
  • 1947-06-01 OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
  • 1947-06-11 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in US (began May 28, 1942)
  • 1947-08-23 8th Venice Film Festival opens (first since the start of World War II)
  • 1947-11-02 Ryder Cup Golf, Portland GC: US wins first post WWII event, 11-1; Ben Hogan American captain; Henry Cotton GB skipper
  • 1948-05-16 First chess world championship since WWII; Russian player Mikhail Botvinnik wins a 5-player tournament to begin 20-year Russian domination
  • 1948-09-05 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1948-09-24 Mildred Gillars (Axis Sally), an American broadcaster employed by the Third Reich in Nazi Germany to proliferate propaganda during World War II, pleads not guilty to eight chargs of treason in Washington, D.C.
  • 1949-06-29 US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II
  • 1952-04-28 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect
  • 1953-02-05 Sweet rationing imposed in WWII ends in Britain
  • 1954-07-04 Meat and all other food rationing officially ends in Britain, nine years after the end of World War II
  • 1955-07-27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • 1955-10-03 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea
  • 1955-11-05 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with Ludwig van Beethoven's Fidelio after it was destroyed in World War II
  • 1956-12-06 German WWII prisoner of war Helmut Bantz and Soviet gymnast Valentin Muratov tie for the vault gold medal with 18.85 points at the Melbourne Olympics
  • 1958-05-30 Unidentified soldiers killed in WW II & Korean War buried in Arlington

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1961-04-11 Trial of Adolf Eichmann for war crimes in World War II begins in Jerusalem, Israel
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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962-05-08 Oskar Schindler and his wife Emilie Schindler are honored for saving 1200 Jews during WWII, in a ceremony on the Avenue of the Righteous, Jerusalem

Industrialist Oskar Schindler
Industrialist
Oskar Schindler
  • 1965-09-17 CBS premiere of WWII sitcom "Hogan's Heroes"
  • 1966-06-24 Period of relative peace following WW II exceeds that following WW I
  • 1967-02-22 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launch Operation Junction City against the Viet Cong. Largest US airborne assault since WWII.
  • 1969-12-01 US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II
  • 1972-01-24 Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
  • 1972-02-26 Ireland-Wales Five Nations Rugby match scheduled for Lansdowne Road, Dublin is cancelled because of escalating political situation; Championship not completed for first time since World War II
  • 1974-03-09 Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended
  • 1974-04-11 WW II war criminal JP Philippa arrested
  • 1975-08-15 Miki Takeo makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II.
  • 1977-08-15 Herbert Kappler, head of Nazi police and security services (SS) in Rome during WWII, escapes from prison hospital in Rome
  • 1983-02-02 CBS' premiere of fact based WW2 drama "The Scarlet and the Black", based on the life of Monsignor Hugh O'Flaherty
  • 1983-02-06 Trial of former Gestapo commandant Klaus Barbie begins in France for war crimes during World War II
  • 1983-02-24 A special commission of the U.S. Congress releases a report that condemns the practice of Japanese internment during World War II.
  • 1985-03-04 WWII veterans returned to the "Bridge over the River Kwai"
  • 1987-04-12 CBS' premiere of fact-based World War II drama "Escape from Sobibor"
  • 1987-04-27 US Justice Department bars Austrian Chancellor Kurt Waldheim from entering US, due to his aid of Nazi Germany during WW II
  • 1988-02-29 Nazi document implicates Waldheim in WW II deportations
  • 1988-06-06 George H. W. Bush makes campaign promise to support reparations for WW II to Japanese-American internees (promise broken, May 1989)
  • 1988-08-04 Congress votes $20,000 to each Japanese-American interned in WW II
  • 1988-12-19 Unexploded WW II bomb found in Frankfurt, Germany-5,000 evacuated
  • 1990-10-02 WW2 Allied nations cede any remaining rights as occupiers of Germany
  • 1991-06-04 1st post WW II non-communist government in Albania
  • 1992-01-13 Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II

BattleBattle of Interest

1995-08-04 Operation Storm begins in Croatia, the Croatian army attacks territory under the Republic of Serbian Krajina in the largest land battle since WWII

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman