World War Two History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 333

  • 1945-01-12 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe

Historic Event

1945-01-23 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal to evacuate German soldiers and civilians from Prussia by sea

Yalta Conference

1945-02-04 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of World War II

  • 1945-02-07 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • 1945-02-14 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.

Bombing of Dresden

1945-02-14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.

  • 1945-02-25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1945-03-05 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • 1945-03-15 As a symbol of wartime baseball, Bert Shepard (one-legged WWII veteran) begins a successful tryout as a pitcher for the Washington Senators
  • 1945-03-21 During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany

Battle of Okinawa

1945-03-23 Battle of Okinawa: US Navy ships bomb the Japanese island of Okinawa in preparation for the Allied invasion; it would become the largest battle of the Pacific War in World War II

  • 1945-03-27 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • 1945-03-29 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England
  • 1945-03-30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans
  • 1945-04-01 Battle of Okinawa: US ground forces invade Okinawa during World War II in the largest amphibious assault of the Pacific theatre
  • 1945-04-01 World War II: Canadian troops free the Dutch cities of Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo and Eibergen
  • 1945-04-01 World War II: The Ruhr Pocket of German forces are encircled by the US Ninth Army and US First Army, eventually leading to the capture of 317,000 German troops
  • 1945-04-03 World War II: Dutch city of Hengelo freed from Nazi control by the Canadian Army
  • 1945-04-04 World War II: Soviet forces liberate Hungary from German occupation, establishing their own communist satellite state. This was celebrated as Liberation Day until 1989.
  • 1945-04-04 World War II: US Army occupies Bielefeld in north-eastern Germany
  • 1945-04-05 World War II: Dutch city of Almelo is freed by the Second Canadian Corps
  • 1945-04-06 World War II: Dutch city of Coevorden freed from German occupation by Canadian forces
  • 1945-04-07 Sonderkommando Elbe, special Luftwaffe units designed to destroy Allied planes by ramming them mid-air, are sent on their first and only mission of World War II
  • 1945-04-09 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1945-04-14 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945-04-16 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945-04-16 World War II: Dutch town of Arnhem, site of failed Operation Market Garden, is freed by British and Canadian forces

Raising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945-04-22 Battle of Berlin: Upon being informed that a planned counter-attack never happened, Adolf Hitler flies into a rage, denounces the German Army and concedes World War II is lost

  • 1945-04-25 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII

Historic Event

1945-04-26 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II, arrested for treason

  • 1945-04-26 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • 1945-04-27 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
  • 1945-05-01 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
  • 1945-05-02 World War II: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin forcing German commander of the city general Helmuth Weidling to surrender
  • 1945-05-03 World War II: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life
  • 1945-05-05 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases
  • 1945-05-06 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • 1945-05-07 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands

Historic Event

1945-05-07 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

Historic Event

1945-05-09 World War II: Hermann Goering is captured by the United States Army

  • 1945-05-09 World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • 1945-05-15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia
  • 1945-06-21 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa

Baseball Record

1945-07-01 First MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg homers in his 1st game (Detroit beats Philadelphia A's 9-5)

  • 1945-07-05 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared

Potsdam Declaration

1945-07-26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the unconditional surrender of Japan during WWII

  • 1945-08-08 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II

Victory over Japan

1945-08-14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • 1945-08-15 A riot ensues in San Francisco while the city is celebrating the end of WW II
  • 1945-08-15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • 1945-08-15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day
  • 1945-08-26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII

Surrender of Japan

1945-09-02 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)

  • 1945-09-02 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan signed aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (US date, 3rd September in Japan)
  • 1945-09-03 World War II: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies

Historic Event

1945-09-11 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

  • 1945-11-10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • 1946-02-11 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • 1946-03-31 First election is held in Greece after World War II
  • 1946-04-05 100th Grand National: Capt. Robert Petre wins aboard 25/1 shot Lovely Cottage; first true GN since 1940 due to World War II; last on a Friday

US Masters Golf

1946-04-07 10th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: American Herman Keiser wins his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of tour money-leader Ben Hogan; first Masters in 4 years because of World War II

  • 1946-05-30 Indianapolis 500: Resumes after WWII; George Robson wins by 44 seconds ahead of rookie Jimmy Jackson

US Golf Open

1946-06-16 US Open Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: World War II veteran Lloyd Mangrum defeats Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi in 36 playoff holes to win his only major title

British Golf Open

1946-07-05 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: In first post-WWII Championship, Sam Snead wins his only Open title, 4 strokes clear of runners-up Johnny Bulla & Bobby Locke

Historic Event

1946-12-31 US President Harry Truman officially proclaims end of WW II

  • 1947-02-10 WW II peace treaties signed
  • 1947-04-25 Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins
  • 1947-06-01 OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
  • 1947-06-11 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in US (began May 28, 1942)
  • 1947-08-23 8th Venice Film Festival opens (first since the start of World War II)
  • 1947-11-02 Ryder Cup Golf, Portland GC: US wins first post WWII event, 11-1; Ben Hogan American captain; Henry Cotton GB skipper
  • 1948-05-16 First chess world championship since WWII; Russian player Mikhail Botvinnik wins a 5-player tournament to begin 20-year Russian domination
  • 1948-09-05 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1948-09-24 Mildred Gillars (Axis Sally), an American broadcaster employed by the Third Reich in Nazi Germany to proliferate propaganda during World War II, pleads not guilty to eight chargs of treason in Washington, D.C.
  • 1949-06-29 US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II
  • 1952-04-28 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect
  • 1953-02-05 Sweet rationing imposed in WWII ends in Britain
  • 1954-07-04 Meat and all other food rationing officially ends in Britain, nine years after the end of World War II
  • 1955-07-27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • 1955-10-03 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea
  • 1955-11-05 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens after it was destroyed in World War II, with Ludwig van Beethoven's "Fidelio"
  • 1956-12-06 German WWII prisoner of war Helmut Bantz and Soviet gymnast Valentin Muratov tie for the vault gold medal with 18.85 points at the Melbourne Olympics
  • 1958-05-30 Unidentified soldiers killed in WW II & Korean War buried in Arlington

Historic Event

1962-05-08 Oskar Schindler and his wife Emilie Schindler are honored for saving 1200 Jews during WWII, in a ceremony on the Avenue of the Righteous, Jerusalem

  • 1965-09-17 CBS premiere of WWII sitcom "Hogan's Heroes"
  • 1966-06-24 Period of relative peace following WW II exceeds that following WW I
  • 1967-02-22 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launch Operation Junction City against the Viet Cong. Largest US airborne assault since WWII.
  • 1969-12-01 US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II
  • 1972-01-24 Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
  • 1972-02-26 Ireland-Wales Five Nations Rugby match scheduled for Lansdowne Road, Dublin is cancelled because of escalating political situation; Championship not completed for first time since World War II
  • 1974-03-09 Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in the Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended
  • 1974-04-11 WW II war criminal JP Philippa arrested
  • 1975-08-15 Miki Takeo makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II
  • 1977-08-15 Herbert Kappler, head of Nazi police and security services (SS) in Rome during WWII, escapes from prison hospital in Rome

Famous Birthdays

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 212 of 212

  • 2014-03-08 William Guarnere, American WWII veteran, dies at 90
  • 2014-07-02 Louis Zamperini, American World War II veteran whose story of capture by the Japanese inspired the movie "Unbroken", dies at 97
  • 2014-12-21 Sonia d’Artois, British Canadian WWII resistance agent, dies at 90
  • 2015-08-03 Les Munro, New Zealand WWII pilot (Dambusters), dies at 96
  • 2016-08-08 Doris Bohrer [Sharrar], American WWII spy, dies at 93
  • 2016-12-08 Florence Finch, Filipino-American war hero who fought against the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II, dies at 101 [1]

Clare Hollingworth

2017-01-10 Clare Hollingworth, British war correspondent who was the first to report on the outbreak of WWII, dies at 105

  • 2017-04-22 Norman T. Hatch, American oscar-winning marine cinematographer during WWII (With the Marines at Tarawa), dies at 96
  • 2017-09-27 Zuzana Ruzickova, Czech harpsichordist and WWII survivor, dies from pneumonia at 90
  • 2018-12-28 Georges Loinger, French resistance fighter (WWII), dies at 108
  • 2019-11-03 Yvette Lundy, French resistance fighter during WWII, dies at 103
  • 2020-05-23 Saturn, American-born alligator that escaped Berlin Zoo during WWII, dies at about 84 in Moscow Zoo (Moscow, Russia)