The History of War (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 702

  • 1784-01-14 US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris, signed September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary War, and forwards it to Great Britain
  • 1787-08-16 Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • 1788-02-09 Austria declares war on Russia
  • 1788-08-13 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90
  • 1789-05-12 Society of St Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of NYC political bosses
  • 1789-08-07 US Congress creates the Department of War and the United States Lighthouse Establishment
  • 1789-09-29 US War Department establishes a regular army

French Revolution

1792-04-20 Amidst the French Revolution, France declares war on Austria and Prussia, beginning the French Revolutionary Wars

  • 1792-07-08 France declares war on Prussia
  • 1793-02-01 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1795-03-05 Treaty of Basel - Prussia ends war with France
  • 1796-10-05 Spain declares war on England

Historic Event

1799-01-09 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

  • 1799-03-12 Austria declares war on France
  • 1801-05-10 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)
  • 1801-06-10 Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • 1805-06-04 Tripoli forced to conclude peace with US after war over tribute
  • 1806-10-09 Prussia declares war on France

Victory in Battle

1807-06-14 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending War of the Fourth Coalition

  • 1807-06-22 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
  • 1808-09-13 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
  • 1809-02-08 Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 1812-03-14 US Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1812-06-18 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
  • 1812-07-12 US forces led by General Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)

Historic Event

1812-08-05 War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat

  • 1813-08-14 British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 1813-12-18 British take Fort Niagara in War of 1812
  • 1813-12-29 British burn Buffalo, New York during War of 1812
  • 1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1814-09-12 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812

Treaty of Ghent

1814-12-24 Treaty of Ghent signed, ending the War of 1812 between the United States, the United Kingdom and their allies

  • 1815-01-08 Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
  • 1815-03-03 US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
  • 1815-04-10 Austria declares war on Kingdom of Naples
  • 1821-03-21 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1821-03-23 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence
  • 1821-05-08 Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
  • 1821-05-12 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi
  • 1822-01-14 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti
  • 1822-01-15 Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • 1822-05-16 Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli
  • 1824-03-05 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma
  • 1824-03-11 US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • 1824-06-21 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea
  • 1825-07-21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • 1827-06-05 Turks capture the Acropolis and take Athens during the Greek War of Independence
  • 1828-04-26 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
  • 1831-03-10 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria
  • 1832-08-01 The Black Hawk War ends.
  • 1834-04-03 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1834-05-26 Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates
  • 1835-12-28 Second Seminole War between United States and Native Americans begins with the Dade Massacre in Sumter County, Florida; Senminole fighters kill nearly all 110 of US Army troops under Major Francis Langhorne Dade [1] [2]
  • 1836-11-11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • 1836-12-14 The Toledo War unofficially ends, boundary dispute between Ohio state and territory of Michigan
  • 1838-11-30 Mexico declares war on France
  • 1839-09-05 The First Opium War begins in China
  • 1842-08-14 Second Seminole War declared over by US Army Colonel Worth, after nearly 7 years; more than 3000 Seminole Nation survivors re-located from Florida to Oklahoma, only about 300 allowed to remain [1]
  • 1846-02-16 Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • 1846-05-08 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto, Texas
  • 1846-05-13 US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
  • 1848-07-23 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 1848-09-29 Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence
  • 1849-10-06 The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1854-03-28 Great Britain and France declare war on Russia, expanding the Crimean War
  • 1855-09-08 French forces successfully assault the Malakoff Line during the Crimean War
  • 1856-02-29 Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 1856-10-08 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
  • 1857-03-03 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China
  • 1857-07-18 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French
  • 1858-05-04 War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz
  • 1859-03-18 Vera Cruz besieged by Miramon (Cons) in Mexican War of Reform
  • 1859-04-06 US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico's War of Reform
  • 1859-10-29 Spain declares war on Morocco
  • 1860-08-03 The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand
  • 1860-10-18 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1861-01-11 Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
  • 1861-03-19 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
  • 1861-05-16 Confederate government offers war volunteers $10 premium
  • 1861-06-03 1st American Civil War land battle: Union forces defeat the Confederacy at Philippi in modern-day West Virginia
  • 1861-07-01 US War Department decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
  • 1861-07-25 Washington, D.C. - Crittenden resolution is passed stating that the war is to be fought to preserve union and uphold the Constitution, not to alter slavery
  • 1861-12-09 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.

Battle of Interest

1862-01-26 Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

  • 1862-03-31 Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • 1862-08-25 US Secretary of War authorizes Gen Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • 1862-09-17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862-11-17 Confederate Secretary of War George B. Randolph resigns
  • 1863-01-17 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • 1863-01-26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1863-01-31 1st black Civil War regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, mustered into US army
  • 1863-05-22 War Department establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • 1863-08-15 The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).

Battle of Interest

1863-09-20 US Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee ends with a Union withdrawal

  • 1864-01-27 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • 1864-02-01 Second Schleswig War begins when Prussian and Austrian forces cross into Schleswig challenging Danish control
  • 1864-02-20 Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
  • 1864-04-17 Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
  • 1864-05-21 Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.

Victory in Battle

1864-06-03 General Robert E. Lee wins his last victory of the US Civil War at the Battle of Cold Harbor


Famous Birthdays

  • 1914-09-04 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive and 3rd postwar chairman of Volkswagen, born in Altmark, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1914-11-22 Peter Townsend, British war hero, courtier and writer (had a romance with Princess Margaret), born in Rangoon, Burma (d. 1995)
  • 1915-03-23 Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)
  • 1915-04-03 Paul Touvier, French Nazi collaborator in World War II called the "Hangman of Lyon" and convicted war criminal, born in Saint-Vincent-sur-Jabron, France (d. 1996)

Orson WellesOrson Welles (1915-1985)

1915-05-06 American actor and director (Citizen Kane, War of the Worlds), born in Kenosha, Wisconsin

  • 1916-01-09 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker, born in Streatham, London (d. 2004)
  • 1917-04-28 Robert Cornthwaite, American actor (Thing, War of the Worlds, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?), born in St. Helens, Oregon (d. 2006)
  • 1918-01-21 Richard D. Winters, American war hero
  • 1918-05-10 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, born in Wawaset Park, Delaware (d. 1954)

Alec BedserAlec Bedser (1918-2010)

1918-07-04 English cricket medium-pace bowler (51 Tests, 236 wickets, BB 7/44; Surrey CCC), born in Reading, England

  • 1918-11-18 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero, born in Nelson, Wales (d. 2007)

Anwar SadatAnwar Sadat (1918-1981)

1918-12-25 3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), born in Monufia, Egypt

  • 1919-07-16 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • 1919-10-10 Gerry Gomez, West Indian cricketer (post-war WI all-rounder), born in Trinidad (d. 1996)
  • 1919-12-13 Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
  • 1920-03-16 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • 1920-07-16 Anwar Hussain, Pakistani cricketer (four Tests for Pakistan v India 1952-53), born in Lahore, British India (d. 2002)
  • 1920-09-25 Sergei Bondarchuk, Soviet director (Destiny of a Man, War and Peace), born in Belozerka, Ukraine (d. 1994)
  • 1920-12-24 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine, born in Berdyansk, Ukraine (d. 1944)
  • 1921-02-28 Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1921-09-03 Marguerite Higgins, American reporter and war correspondent, Pulitzer prize winner (d. 1966)
  • 1922-02-24 Kanwar Rai Singh, Indian cricketer (batted at MCG in Test for India 1948)
  • 1922-07-14 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922-09-01 Il Mattatore [Vittorio Gassman], Italian actor, director and screenwriter (Scent of a Woman, War & Peace), born in Genoa, Italy (d. 2000)
  • 1922-10-22 John Weidner, war hero, born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1922-10-23 Stuart Sloan, British war hero and pilot, born in Whitecraig, Scotland (d. 1994)

Norodom SihanoukNorodom Sihanouk (1922-2012)

1922-10-31 King of Cambodia (1941-55 and 1993-2004), Chief of State (1960-70), independence campaigner and film producer, born in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

  • 1923-12-28 Andrew Duggan, American character actor (Secret War of Harry Frigg, Winds of War), born in Franklin, Indiana (d. 1988)
  • 1924-11-11 Rusi Modi, Indian cricketer (strong Indian batsman in post-War years), born in Bombay, India (d. 1996)
  • 1926-04-17 Arthur Hockaday, Director-General (Commonwealth War Graves Commission), born in Plymouth
  • 1926-09-03 Alison Lurie, American novelist (Pulitzer Prize - Foreign Affairs), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2020)
  • 1931-05-16 Natwar Singh, Indian politician
  • 1932-07-16 Milly Vitale, Italian actress (7 Little Foys, War & Peace, Juggler), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2006)
  • 1935-03-22 M[ichael] Emmet Walsh, American actor (Wildcats, War Party), born in Ogdensburg New York
  • 1938-08-07 Helen Caldicott, Australian physician and anti-war activist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1940-12-19 Phil Ochs, American anti-war folk singer (Joe Hill, War is Over), born in El Paso, Texas (d. 1976)
  • 1943-06-08 William Calley Jr., American war criminal, convicted by court-martial of murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre, born in Miami, Florida
  • 1944-11-12 Johan van Doorn [Johnny the Selfkicker], Dutch poet (War & Porridge)
  • 1945-06-08 Derek Underwood, England cricket spin bowler (86 Tests, 297 wickets @ 25.83), born in Bromley, England
  • 1949-03-14 Michael Stedman, British World War I Historian and Author
  • 1951-11-25 Arturo Pérez Reverte, Spanish novelist and war reporter

Ahmad Shah MassoudAhmad Shah Massoud (1953-2001)

1953-09-02 Afghan political and military leader who fought the Soviet Union and led the Northern Alliance against the Taliban, born in Bazarak, Panjshir, Afghanistan

  • 1953-12-27 Arthur Kent [The Scud Stud], American newscaster (prominent Gulf War coverage for NBC), born in Alberta, Canada
  • 1955-12-24 Anwar Khan, Pakistani cricketer (bowled four overs for Pakistan 1979), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1958-11-28 Georges Rutaganda, Rwandan war criminal
  • 1960-11-02 Tihomir Blaškić, Croatian war criminal, born in Kiseljak, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1966-03-10 Stephen Mailer, American actor (Red Meat, League of Their Own, War & Love), born in NYC, New York
  • 1973-01-01 Anwar Mansoor Mangrio, Sindhi poet & research scholar.
  • 1973-08-05 Sanwar Hossain, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1978-12-08 Anwar Siraj, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1981-03-28 Edwar Ramirez, American baseball player

Famous Deaths

  • 1998-02-15 Martha Gelhorn, female war correspondent (Reuters), dies at 89
  • 1999-04-19 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, dies at 79
  • 2000-07-12 Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, dies at 98
  • 2000-08-19 Bineshwar Brahma, Bodo littérateur and religious figure (birth date unknown)
  • 2002-02-22 Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and Governor (New South Wales), dies at 85
  • 2003-01-22 Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist famous for his World War II cartoons depicting American soldiers (Pulitzer-1945, 59), dies of Alzheimer's disease and a bathtub scalding at 81
  • 2005-01-22 Carlo Orelli, Italian veteran of World War I (b. 1894)
  • 2005-03-09 Kurt Lotz, German business executive and second postwar CEO of Volkswagen, dies at 92
  • 2005-03-17 George F. Kennan, American Cold War strategist and historian (b. 1904)
  • 2005-11-07 Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)
  • 2005-11-21 Alfred Anderson, last Scottish World War I (and Christmas Truce) veteran (b. 1896)
  • 2006-01-06 Hugh Thompson Jr., American Vietnam War veteran who played a major role in ending the 1968 My Lai massacre, dies of cancer at 62
  • 2006-03-22 Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (b. 1921)
  • 2006-07-21 Ta Mok, "The Khmer Rouge Butcher", war criminal in Democratic Kampuchea (b. 1926)
  • 2006-11-12 General Jacob E. Smart, US Air Force leader World War II (b. 1909)
  • 2007-01-02 Mauno Jokipii, Finnish professor & World War II researcher, dies at 82
  • 2007-02-22 Samuel Hinga Norman, Sierra Leonean alleged war criminal (b. 1940)
  • 2007-08-06 Heinz Barth, German convicted war criminal (SS) (b. 1920)
  • 2007-10-05 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (b. 1898)
  • 2007-10-11 David Lee "Tex" Hill, World War Two fighter pilot, flying ace, 1st American Volunteer Group (b. 1915)
  • 2008-03-12 Lazare Ponticelli, the last "poilu", French foot soldier of World War One, dies at 110 (b. 1897)
  • 2008-05-27 Franz Künstler, Last remaining Austro-Hungarian Empire World War I veteran (b. 1900)
  • 2008-06-16 Mario Rigoni Stern, Italian writer, World War II veteran and Nazi concentration camp survivor (b. 1921)
  • 2008-08-22 Gladys Powers, Canadian World War I veteran (b. 1899)
  • 2008-09-03 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator who led 4th Fighter Group during World War II, dies at 90