The History of War (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 706

  • 1784-01-14 US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris, signed September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary War, and forwards it to Great Britain
  • 1787-08-16 Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • 1788-02-09 Austria declares war on Russia
  • 1788-08-13 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90
  • 1789-05-12 Society of St Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of NYC political bosses
  • 1789-08-07 US Congress creates the Department of War and the United States Lighthouse Establishment
  • 1789-09-29 US War Department established a regular army

BattleDeclaration of War

1792-04-14 France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799-01-09 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1799-03-12 Austria declares war on France
  • 1801-05-10 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)

  • 1801-06-10 Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • 1805-06-04 Tripoli forced to conclude peace with US after war over tribute
  • 1806-10-09 Prussia declares war on France

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1807-06-14 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending War of the Fourth Coalition

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1807-06-22 British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
  • 1808-09-13 Finnish War: In the Battle of Jutas, Swedish forces under Lieutenant General Georg Carl von Döbeln beat the Russians, making von Döbeln a Swedish war hero.
  • 1809-02-08 Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 1812-03-14 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 1812-06-18 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
  • 1812-07-12 US forces led by General Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812-08-05 War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
  • 1813-07-05 War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin
  • 1813-08-14 British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 1813-12-18 British take Fort Niagara in War of 1812
  • 1813-12-29 British burn Buffalo, New York during War of 1812
  • 1814-05-30 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition - the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent.
  • 1814-09-12 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812

Treaty of InterestTreaty of Ghent

1814-12-24 Treaty of Ghent signed, ending the War of 1812 between the United States, the United Kingdom and their allies

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The signing of the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve
The signing of the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve
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  • 1815-01-08 Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812); the war had ended on 24th December 1814 but none of the combatants knew
  • 1815-03-03 US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute

  • 1815-04-10 Austria declares war on Kingdom of Naples
  • 1817-11-20 First Seminole War begins in Florida
  • 1821-03-21 First revolutionary act in Monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta, Greek War of Independence.
  • 1821-03-23 Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence
  • 1821-05-08 Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
  • 1821-05-12 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi
  • 1822-01-14 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti
  • 1822-01-15 Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • 1822-05-16 Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli
  • 1824-03-05 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma
  • 1824-03-11 US War Department creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • 1824-06-21 Greek War of Independence: Egyptian forces capture Psara in the Aegean Sea
  • 1825-07-21 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
  • 1827-06-05 Turks capture the Acropolis and take Athens during the Greek War of Independence
  • 1828-04-26 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
  • 1831-03-10 The French Foreign Legion is established by King Louis-Philippe to support his war in Algeria
  • 1832-08-01 The Black Hawk War ends.
  • 1834-04-03 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1834-05-26 Portuguese Civil war ends, Dom Miguel capitulates
  • 1835-11-02 2nd Seminole War begins in Osceola

  • 1836-11-11 Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
  • 1836-12-14 The Toledo War unofficially ends, boundary dispute between Ohio state and territory of Michigan
  • 1838-11-30 Mexico declares war on France
  • 1839-09-05 The First Opium War begins in China
  • 1842-08-14 Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma
  • 1846-02-16 Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • 1846-05-08 1st major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto, Texas
  • 1846-05-13 US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
  • 1848-07-23 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 1848-09-29 Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence
  • 1849-10-06 The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
  • 1854-03-28 Britain and France declare war on Russia during the Crimean War
  • 1855-09-08 French forces successfully assault the Malakoff Line during the Crimean War
  • 1856-02-29 Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 1856-10-08 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
  • 1857-03-03 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China
  • 1857-07-18 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French
  • 1858-05-04 War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz
  • 1859-03-18 Vera Cruz besieged by Miramon (Cons) in Mexican War of Reform
  • 1859-04-06 US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico's War of Reform

  • 1859-10-29 Spain declares war on Morocco
  • 1860-08-03 The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand
  • 1860-10-18 The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • 1861-01-11 Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
  • 1861-03-19 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
  • 1861-05-16 Confederate government offers war volunteers $10 premium
  • 1861-06-03 1st American Civil War land battle: Union forces defeat the Confederacy at Philippi in modern-day West Virginia
  • 1861-07-01 US War Department decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
  • 1861-07-25 Washington, D.C. - Crittenden resolution is passed stating that the war is to be fought to preserve union and uphold the Constitution, not to alter slavery
  • 1861-12-09 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.

BattleBattle of Interest

1862-01-26 Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1862-03-31 Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • 1862-08-25 US Secretary of War authorizes Gen Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • 1862-09-17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862-11-17 Confederate Secretary of War George B Randolph resigns
  • 1863-01-17 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • 1863-01-26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1863-01-31 1st black Civil War regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, mustered into US army
  • 1863-05-22 War Department establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • 1863-08-15 The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).

BattleBattle of Interest

1863-09-20 US Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga, Tennessee ends with a Union withdrawal

Union General Gordon Granger
Union General
Gordon Granger
  • 1864-01-27 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Virginia
  • 1864-02-01 Second Schleswig War begins when Prussian and Austrian forces cross into Schleswig challenging Danish control
  • 1864-02-20 Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida

Famous Birthdays

  • 1914-09-04 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive and 3rd postwar chairman of Volkswagen, born in Altmark, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2003)
  • 1914-11-22 Peter Woolridge Townsend, war hero courtier writer
  • 1915-03-23 Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)
  • 1915-04-03 Paul Touvier, French-Nazi WW II criminal, born in Saint-Vincent-sur-Jabron, France (d. 1996)

Person of interestOrson Welles

1915-05-06 Orson Welles [George], American actor (Citizen Kane, War of the Worlds), born in Kenosha, Wisconsin (d. 1985)

Actor and Director Orson Welles
Actor and Director
Orson Welles
  • 1916-01-09 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker, born in Streatham, London (d. 2004)
  • 1917-04-28 Robert Cornthwaite, American actor (Thing, War of the Worlds, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?), born in St. Helens, Oregon (d. 2006)
  • 1918-01-21 Richard D. Winters, American war hero
  • 1918-05-10 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, born in Wawaset Park, Delaware (d. 1954)
  • 1918-07-04 Alec Bedser, English cricketer (mighty post-war England medium-pacer), born in Reading, Berkshire, England (d. 2010)
  • 1918-11-18 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero, born in Nelson, Wales (d. 2007)

Person of interestAnwar Sadat

1918-12-25 Anwar Sadat, 3rd President of Egypt (1970-81, Nobel 1978), born in Monufia, Egypt (d. 1981)

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1919-07-16 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • 1919-10-10 Gerry Gomez, West Indian cricketer (post-war WI all-rounder), born in Trinidad (d. 1996)
  • 1919-12-13 Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
  • 1920-03-16 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • 1920-07-16 Anwar Hussain, Pakistani cricketer (four Tests for Pakistan v India 1952-53), born in Lahore, British India (d. 2002)
  • 1920-09-25 Sergei Bondarchuk, Soviet director (Destiny of a Man, War and Peace), born in Belozerka, Ukraine (d. 1994)
  • 1920-12-24 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine, born in Berdyansk, Ukraine (d. 1944)
  • 1921-02-28 Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1921-09-03 Marguerite Higgins, American reporter and war correspondent, Pulitzer prize winner (d. 1966)
  • 1922-02-24 Kanwar Rai Singh, cricketer (batted at MCG in Test for India 1948)
  • 1922-07-14 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922-09-01 Il Mattatore [Vittorio Gassman], Italian actor, director and screenwriter (Scent of a Woman, War & Peace), born in Genoa, Italy (d. 2000)
  • 1922-10-22 John Weidner, war hero, born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1922-10-23 Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot

Person of interestNorodom Sihanouk

1922-10-31 Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia (1941-55 and 1993-2004), head of state, independence campaigner and film producer, born in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (d. 2012)

King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk
King of Cambodia
Norodom Sihanouk
  • 1923-12-28 Andrew Duggan, American character actor (Secret War of Harry Frigg, Winds of War), born in Franklin, Indiana (d. 1988)
  • 1924-11-11 Rusi Modi, Indian cricketer (strong Indian batsman in post-War years), born in Bombay, India (d. 1996)
  • 1926-04-17 Arthur Hockaday, Director-General (Commonwealth War Graves Commission), born in Plymouth
  • 1926-09-03 Alison Lurie, American novelist (Pulitzer Prize - Foreign Affairs), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2020)
  • 1931-05-16 Natwar Singh, Indian politician
  • 1932-07-16 Milly Vitale, Italian actress (7 Little Foys, War & Peace, Juggler), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2006)
  • 1935-03-22 M[ichael] Emmet Walsh, American actor (Wildcats, War Party), born in Ogdensburg New York
  • 1938-08-07 Helen Caldicott, Australian physician and anti-war activist, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1940-12-19 Phil Ochs, American anti-war folk singer (Joe Hill, War is Over), born in El Paso, Texas (d. 1976)
  • 1943-06-08 William Calley Jr., American war criminal, convicted by court-martial of murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre, born in Miami, Florida
  • 1944-11-12 Johan van Doorn [Johnny the Selfkicker], Dutch poet (War & Porridge)
  • 1945-06-08 Derek Underwood, England cricket spin bowler (86 Tests, 297 wickets @ 25.83), born in Bromley, England
  • 1949-03-14 Michael Stedman, British World War I Historian and Author
  • 1951-11-25 Arturo Pérez Reverte, Spanish novelist and war reporter
  • 1953-09-02 Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan commander and a war hero (d. 2001)
  • 1953-12-27 Arthur Kent [The Scud Stud], American newscaster (prominent Gulf War coverage for NBC), born in Alberta, Canada
  • 1955-12-24 Anwar Khan, Pakistani cricketer (bowled four overs for Pakistan 1979), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1958-11-28 Georges Rutaganda, Rwandan war criminal
  • 1960-11-02 Tihomir Blaškić, Croatian war criminal, born in Kiseljak, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1966-03-10 Stephen Mailer, American actor (Red Meat, League of Their Own, War & Love), born in NYC, New York
  • 1973-01-01 Anwar Mansoor Mangrio, Sindhi poet & research scholar.
  • 1973-08-05 Sanwar Hossain, Bangladeshi cricketer
  • 1978-12-08 Anwar Siraj, Ethiopian footballer
  • 1981-03-28 Edwar Ramirez, American baseball player

Famous Deaths

  • 1998-02-15 Martha Gelhorn, female war correspondent (Reuters), dies at 89
  • 1999-04-19 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, dies at 79
  • 2000-07-12 Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, dies at 98
  • 2000-08-19 Bineshwar Brahma, Bodo littérateur and religious figure (birth date unknown)
  • 2002-02-22 Roden Cutler, Australian diplomat and Governor (New South Wales), dies at 85
  • 2003-01-22 Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist famous for his World War II cartoons depicting American soldiers (Pulitzer-1945, 59), dies of Alzheimer's disease and a bathtub scalding at 81
  • 2005-01-22 Carlo Orelli, Italian veteran of World War I (b. 1894)
  • 2005-03-09 Kurt Lotz, German business executive and second postwar CEO of Volkswagen, dies at 92
  • 2005-03-17 George F. Kennan, American Cold War strategist and historian (b. 1904)
  • 2005-11-07 Anthony Sawoniuk, Belarusian-born Nazi war criminal (b. 1921)
  • 2005-11-21 Alfred Anderson, last Scottish World War I (and Christmas Truce) veteran (b. 1896)
  • 2006-01-06 Hugh Thompson Jr., American Vietnam War veteran who played a major role in ending the 1968 My Lai massacre, dies of cancer at 62
  • 2006-03-22 Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (b. 1921)
  • 2006-07-21 Ta Mok, "The Khmer Rouge Butcher", war criminal in Democratic Kampuchea (b. 1926)
  • 2006-11-12 General Jacob E. Smart, US Air Force leader World War II (b. 1909)
  • 2007-01-02 Mauno Jokipii, Finnish professor & World War II researcher, dies at 82
  • 2007-02-22 Samuel Hinga Norman, Sierra Leonean alleged war criminal (b. 1940)
  • 2007-08-06 Heinz Barth, German convicted war criminal (SS) (b. 1920)
  • 2007-10-05 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (b. 1898)
  • 2007-10-11 David Lee "Tex" Hill, World War Two fighter pilot, flying ace, 1st American Volunteer Group (b. 1915)
  • 2008-03-12 Lazare Ponticelli, the last "poilu", French foot soldier of World War One, dies at 110 (b. 1897)
  • 2008-05-27 Franz Künstler, Last remaining Austro-Hungarian Empire World War I veteran (b. 1900)
  • 2008-06-16 Mario Rigoni Stern, Italian writer, World War II veteran and Nazi concentration camp survivor (b. 1921)
  • 2008-08-22 Gladys Powers, Canadian World War I veteran (b. 1899)
  • 2008-09-03 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator who led 4th Fighter Group during World War II, dies at 90