The History of War (Part 5)

Historical Events

Events 401 - 500 of 706

  • 1940-10-29 Secretary of War Henry L Stimson draws the 1st number - #158 - in the 1st peacetime military draft in US history
  • 1940-11-16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1940-11-20 World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers
  • 1940-12-22 World War II: Himarë is captured by the Greek army.
  • 1941-01-02 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1941-01-02 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-01-07 Chinese Kuomintang forces under orders from Chiang Kai-shek open fire on the surrounded Communist New Fourth Army at Maolin, Anhui Province, killing or capturing 7,000 troops

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1941-01-10 World War II: The Greek army captures Kleisoura.
  • 1941-01-16 War Department forms first Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
  • 1941-03-02 World War II: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.
  • 1941-03-04 The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands, during World War II.
  • 1941-04-17 World War II: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-06-25 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802, which forbids racial discrimination in the defense industry

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941-06-25 Finland declares war on Soviet Union
  • 1941-06-30 World War II: Operation Barbarossa - Germany captures Lviv, Ukraine
  • 1941-07-07 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops

  • 1941-07-13 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • 1941-09-17 World War II: A decree issued by the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch "Universal compulsory military training of the citizens of the USSR" in the face of the "Great Patriotic War"
  • 1941-10-27 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialize there will not be war with Japan
  • 1941-11-29 Passenger ship Lurline sends radio signal of sighting Japanese war fleet
  • 1941-12-08 US and Britain declare war on Japan, US enters World War II
  • 1941-12-09 China declares war on Japan, Germany & Italy
  • 1941-12-11 Dutch government in London declares war on Italy
  • 1941-12-11 Germany & Italy declare war on USA
  • 1941-12-15 The American Federation of Labor adopts a no-strike policy in war industries.
  • 1941-12-17 World War II: Beginning of the Siege of Sebastopol.
  • 1941-12-20 World War II: First battle of the American Volunteer Group, better known as the "Flying Tigers" in Kunming, China.
  • 1942-01-02 World War II: the 28 nations at war with Axis powers pledge to make no separate peace deals
  • 1942-01-12 National War Labor Board created
  • 1942-01-13 Allied Conference on war trials
  • 1942-01-13 Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
  • 1942-01-13 World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter
  • 1942-02-02 US auto factories switch from commercial to war production
  • 1942-02-08 Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort
  • 1942-02-09 Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US

Philippine Revolution'I Shall Return'

1942-02-22 World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse

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A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
A statue in the Philippines commemorating the promised return of American commander Douglas MacArthur in World War II
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  • 1942-03-29 Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city
  • 1942-05-10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
  • 1942-05-22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • 1942-06-05 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • 1942-06-13 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • 1942-06-23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • 1942-07-18 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time
  • 1942-07-23 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins.
  • 1942-08-22 Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • 1942-08-23 World War II: last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia; the Italian Savoia Cavalleria charges Soviet infantry
  • 1942-08-27 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy
  • 1942-09-12 Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
  • 1942-11-12 WWII Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces in Solomon Islands
  • 1942-11-15 World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219.
  • 1942-12-17 Allies in London sentence German war criminals

InventionHistoric Invention

1942-12-22 World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943-02-09 US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an executive order setting a minimum 48-hour work week in a number of critical war industries
  • 1943-02-16 World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov.
  • 1943-02-20 American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-03-14 World War II: Kraków Ghetto is "liquidated"

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth

  • 1943-04-08 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.
  • 1943-04-30 Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry
  • 1943-05-17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams
  • 1943-07-28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • 1943-08-05 World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky
  • 1943-09-17 World War II: Soviet city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
  • 1943-10-13 Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • 1943-10-26 World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
  • 1943-10-31 World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception.
  • 1943-11-16 World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • 1944-01-03 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • 1944-01-22 Allied forces begin landing at Anzio on the Italian mainland
  • 1944-01-29 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • 1944-01-29 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland
  • 1944-01-30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • 1944-02-02 Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • 1944-02-03 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • 1944-02-20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
  • 1944-02-21 "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • 1944-04-05 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans

  • 1944-06-10 World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops
  • 1944-06-19 World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet
  • 1944-06-26 Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0
  • 1944-06-30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces
  • 1944-07-09 In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan falls
  • 1944-07-25 World War II: Operation Spring - one of Canada's bloodiest days, 18,444 casualties and 5,021 killed
  • 1944-09-08 Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
  • 1944-11-01 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • 1944-11-19 World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • 1944-11-25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1944-12-03 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists
  • 1944-12-31 World War II: Hungary declares war on Germany.
  • 1945-01-12 The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-01-23 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz

Battle of InterestBombing of Dresden

1945-02-14 World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.

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Dresden after the Allied firebombing campaign in 1945
Dresden after the Allied firebombing campaign in 1945
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  • 1945-02-14 World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
  • 1945-02-16 Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
  • 1945-02-21 Dutch Archbishop of Utrecht Johannes de Jong calls for help with war casualties following the Nazi occupation of Netherlands from the allies
  • 1945-02-24 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • 1945-02-25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1945-03-04 Finland declares war on Nazi Germany
  • 1945-03-05 World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
  • 1945-03-27 World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
  • 1945-03-29 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England

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