The History of War (Part 6)

Historical Events

Events 501 - 600 of 707

  • 1945-03-29 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England
  • 1945-03-30 World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans
  • 1945-04-09 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1945-04-26 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • 1945-04-27 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication

BattleBattle of Interest

1945-05-05 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1945-05-06 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-09 World War II: Hermann Goering is captured by the United States Army

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British
  • 1945-05-15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-21 Nazi SS-Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler captured

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1945-07-05 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared
  • 1945-08-08 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • 1945-08-15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-09-11 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-10-11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1945-11-10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-12-31 Bradman scores 112, his 1st post-War century, SA v Aust Services

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1946-02-11 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • 1946-03-31 First election is held in Greece after World War II
  • 1946-04-29 28 former Japanese leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals
  • 1946-06-03 International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

1946-09-30 22 Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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  • 1946-10-01 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg

BattleExecution

1946-10-16 10 Nazi leaders are hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg war trials, including Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Alfred Jodl

Nazi Leader and WWII General Alfred Jodl
Nazi Leader and WWII General
Alfred Jodl
Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-12-19 War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947-05-03 Japan's post-war constitution goes into effect, granting universal suffrage, stripping Emperor Hirohito of all but symbolic power and outlawing Japan's right to make war

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • 1948-05-28 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • 1948-06-21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • 1948-09-05 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • 1948-09-10 Bijz Criminal division sentences war criminal Jacob Folks to life
  • 1948-11-12 Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo sentenced to death by war crimes tribunal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949-02-12 Panic in Quito, Ecuador, after "War of the Worlds" played on radio

Author H. G. Wells
Author
H. G. Wells
  • 1949-07-20 Israel's 19 month war of independence ends

  • 1949-11-06 Greek civil war ends after 3 years with defeat of communist factions
  • 1950-02-01 USSR demands condemnation of Emperor Hirohito for war crimes
  • 1950-07-12 Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten and F Fischer to death
  • 1950-09-26 UN troops in Korean War recapture South Korean capital of Seoul
  • 1950-11-24 UN troops begin an assault intending to end Korean War by Christmas
  • 1951-02-01 Alfred Krupp & 28 other German war criminals freed
  • 1951-05-21 The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition - a gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively know as the New York School.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951-07-09 US President Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1951-07-26 Netherlands ends state of war with Germany
  • 1951-10-19 US President Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
  • 1951-10-25 Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom
  • 1952-09-24 Dutch Minister of Justice Donker decides war criminal Willy Lages will not be executed but sentenced to life
  • 1953-08-05 Operation "Big Switch"; Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom
  • 1954-11-01 The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence against France.
  • 1955-01-15 USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic
  • 1955-01-25 Russia ends state of war with Germany
  • 1955-11-05 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with Ludwig van Beethoven's Fidelio after it was destroyed in World War II
  • 1956-02-01 Hague Daily Newspaper reveals war crimes of Hague mayor Schokking
  • 1956-04-03 German war criminals Hinrichsen, Ruhl, Siebens and Viebahn freed
  • 1956-07-05 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
  • 1958-05-30 Unidentified soldiers killed in WW II & Korean War buried in Arlington
  • 1958-09-14 Two rockets designed by the German engineer Ernst Mohr, the first German post-war rockets, reach the upper atmosphere.
  • 1960-04-08 Netherlands and Germany sign accord concerning war casualties
  • 1961-09-01 The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

1961-12-12 Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes in Israel

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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
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  • 1962-03-18 Algerian War ends after 7½ yrs (250,000 die), Ben Bella flees

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962-05-30 Benjamin Britten's "War Requiem" premieres

  • 1962-08-30 Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war.
  • 1963-03-22 British Minister of War John Profumo denies having sex with Christine Keeler
  • 1963-06-05 British Minister of War John Profumo resigns due to Christine Keeler scandal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964-01-08 President Lyndon B. Johnson declares "War on Poverty"

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1964-03-16 LBJ asks Congress to pass Economic Opportunity Act as part of his War on Poverty
  • 1965-03-25 West German Bondsdag extends war crimes retribution
  • 1965-11-27 15-25,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam in Washington, D.C.
  • 1966-03-26 Large-scale anti-Vietnam War protests take place in the United States, including in New York, Washington, D.C. and Chicago
  • 1966-03-31 25,000 anti war demonstrators march in NYC
  • 1966-08-06 US citizens demonstrate against war in Vietnam
  • 1967-05-20 10,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam

Declaration of WarSix-Day War

1967-06-05 Six-Day War begins between Israel and the neighboring Arab states of Egypt, Jordan and Syria

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Egyptian aircraft destroyed by an Israeli airstrike at the beginning of the Six-Day War on June 5, 1967
Egyptian aircraft destroyed by an Israeli airstrike at the beginning of the Six-Day War on June 5, 1967
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  • 1967-07-06 Nigerian Civil War erupts as Nigerian forces invade the secessionist state of Biafra
  • 1967-10-21 Tens of thousands of anti-Vietnam War protesters march on the Pentagon, besieging the military headquarters for two days
  • 1968-01-21 The Battle of Khe Sanh - one of the most publicized and controversial battles of the Vietnam War - begins at the Khe Sanh Air Base
  • 1968-02-18 Thousands of people in West Berlin demonstrate against US involvement in the Vietnam War
  • 1968-08-28 Police & anti-war demonstrators clash at Chicago's Democratic National Convention
  • 1969-04-03 Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start a policy of "Vietnamization", reducing American involvement
  • 1969-04-05 Massive anti-Vietnam War demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities
  • 1969-07-07 German newspaper Der Spiegel reveals Bishop Defregger of Munich is a war criminal
  • 1969-12-16 "War is Over! If You Want It, Happy Christmas from John & Yoko" posters begin appearing
  • 1970-01-13 Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu flees Biafra into exile, leaving his deputy Philip Effiong to surrender to the Nigerian army, unofficially ending the Nigerian Civil War
  • 1970-05-08 Construction workers break up an anti-war rally in NYC's Wall Street

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970-09-28 Anwar Sadat replaces the late Gamal Abdel Nasser as acting Egyptian President

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1970-10-15 Anwar Sadat elected 3rd President of Egypt, succeeding the late Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • 1970-10-17 Anwar Sadat sworn in as the 3rd President of Egypt
  • 1970-11-09 Trial of Seattle 8 anti-war protesters begins
  • 1971-01-26 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts law against limitation of war crimes
  • 1971-04-25 About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington, D.C.
  • 1971-05-03 Nixon administration arrests 13,000 anti-war protesters in 3 days

Music releaseMusic Recording

1971-10-28 John Lennon and Yoko Ono record "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in NYC

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • 1971-12-01 John Lennon and Yoko Ono release "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in US
  • 1971-12-03 India invades West Pakistan and a full scale war begins claiming hundreds of lives and starting the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
  • 1972-01-24 Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
  • 1973-01-27 US & North Vietnam's William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign cease-fire, ending longest US war and military draft
  • 1973-07-20 The US Senate passes the War Powers Act
  • 1973-10-06 Yom Kippur War begins as Syria & Egypt attack Israel

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